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Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften

Makromolekulare Chemie I: Prof. Hans-Werner Schmidt

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Carta, A.; Wittmann, B.; Kreger, K.; Schmidt, H.-W.; Jansen, T.L.C.; Hildner, Richard: Spatial Correlations Drive Long-Range Transport and Trapping of Excitons in Single H‑Aggregates: Experiment and Theory, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 15, 2697−2707 (2024) -- DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.3c03586
Describing long-range energy transport is a crucial step, both toward deepening our knowledge on natural light-harvesting systems and toward developing novel photoactive materials. Here, we combine experiment and theory to resolve and reproduce energy transport on pico- to nanosecond time scales in single H-type supramolecular nanofibers based on carbonyl-bridged triarylamines (CBT). Each nanofiber shows energy transport dynamics over long distances up to ∼1 μm, despite exciton trapping at specific positions along the nanofibers. Using a minimal Frenkel exciton model including disorder, we demonstrate that spatial correlations in the normally distributed site energies are crucial to reproduce the experimental data. In particular, we can observe the long-range and subdiffusive nature of the exciton dynamics as well as the trapping behavior of excitons in specific locations of the nanofiber. This trapping behavior introduces a net directionality or asymmetry in the exciton dynamics as observed experimentally
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