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Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften

Makromolekulare Chemie I: Prof. Hans-Werner Schmidt

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Erhardt, A.; Hungenberg, J.; Chantler, P.; Kuhn, M.; Huynh, T.T.; Hochgesang, A.; Goel, M.; Müller, C.J.; Roychoudhury, S.; Thomsen, L.; Medhekar, N.V.; Herzig, E.M.; Prendergast, D.; Thelakkat, M.; McNeill, Chris: Design Principles of Diketopyrrolopyrrole-Thienopyrrolodione Acceptor1–Acceptor2 Copolymers, Advanced Functional Materials, 2314696 (1-14) (2024) -- DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202314696
The design principles of acceptor1–acceptor2 copolymers featuring alternating diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) and thienopyrrolodione (TPD) moieties are investigated. The investigated series of polymers is obtained by varying the aromatic linker between the two acceptor motifs between thiophene, thiazole, pyridine, and benzene. High electron affinities between 3.96 and 4.42 eV, facilitated by the synergy of the acceptor motifs are determined with optical gaps between 1.37 and 2.02 eV. Grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering studies reveal a range of film morphologies after thermal annealing, including face-on, end-on and superstructure edge-on-like crystallites. Conversely, all materials form thin edge-on layers on the polymer–air interface, as demonstrated by multi-elemental near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy. The benefit of the electron-deficient linkers thiazole and pyridine is evident: In organic field effect transistors, electron mobilities of up to 4.6 × 10−2 cm2 V−1 s−1 are obtained with outstanding on/off current ratios of 5 × 105, facilitated by the absence of detectable hole transport in these materials. Viability for all-polymer solar cells is assessed in active layer blends with the donor polymer PM6, yielding a maximum average power conversion efficiency of 4.8% and an open circuit voltage above 1 V.
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